Denmark has a long and rich history with traces from immigration to Denmark by the first hunting and gathering societies dating back to around 12500 BC.
The word ‘Denmark’ is much newer and can be traced back to the Viking age. It can be found carved on the famous Jelling Stone originating from around 900 AD. Though more than a thousand years have passed Denmark is still known for the Vikings who left a lasting mark in many areas of Europa. In Scandinavia, including Denmark, you can still find some of the most significant monuments from that era.
Denmark got its first liberal constitution on June 5, 1849 – a year after abolishing absolutism. The constitution provided a revolutionary step towards establishing a democracy though parliamentary democracy was only introduced in 1901 and women’s suffrage in 1915.
In the times between the 13th and 17th centuries, Denmark was something close to a superpower and as influential as the largest European countries. Its current size and influence reflect 400 years of forced relinquishments of land, surrenders and lost battles. Still, despite its small size today, Denmark punches above its weight in many different areas including education, health, the environment and economy and has been labelled one of the most prosperous countries in the world. Denmark also plays an important role internationally as a founding member of the UN (1945), member of NATO (since 1949), the European Economic Community, EEC, since 1973, and the European Union, EU, since 1993.
The Round Tower ('Rundetårn') was built between 1637 and 1642 by King Christian IV (1577 - 1648) who ruled Denmark and Norway and is known as the head architect and builder of Copenhagen.